Bachad in Germany
Young pioneers in Germany, c. 1929 (Archive of the Kibbutz HaDati, Yavneh, Israel)
After WW1, young German Jews came back from serving in the German army with a fresh vision! They were fed up with the bourgeois ways of their parents' generation and also, during the course of the War, had rubbed shoulders with fellow Jews in Eastern Europe, many of whom had grown up within Hassidic communities, the guardians of a far more vibrant, passionate Jewish tradition than what was on offer in Germany. All this coincided with the long-term effects upon society of two 'revolutions' - the first affecting youth culture, the second being the Socialist Revolution. Both of these were to influence Jews, especially those seeking to go on Aliyah to Eretz Israel.